What is a Keloid?
Scarring is a natural part of the healing process. Except for very small lesions, every wound (e.g. after an accident, illness or surgery) results in some degree of scarring. When the skin is injured, cells grow back to fill the gap. Somehow, they “know” when scar tissue conforms to the contours of the skin, which point they must stop the multiplication process. When cells continue to reproduce, in an exaggerated way, the result is what is called a high excess scar (hypertrophic) or a Keloid.
Keloid is an abnormal proliferation of scar tissue, occurring after a surgical incision, acne, trauma, etc. Characteristic to Keloid is the invasion into healthy tissue near the initial lesion. Besides the unsightly appearance and contour changing region, may be accompanied by unpleasant pain and itching. It meets frequently at a young age and its appearance cannot be anticipated.
- Minor scratches;
- Surgical incisions;
- Traumatic injuries;
- Places near vaccine;
Keloid risk factors
Hypertrophic scars take the form of a lump of red skin, but do not grow on the surface beyond the original lesion and often improve their appearance after a few years. Some areas of the body seem even more likely: the upper arm, upper back and sternum. Ear lobes and neck is other common places.
Even that Keloid scar formation exact causes could not be determined precisely, there are some major risks:
- Dark complexion;
- Hereditary factors;
- Certain skin lesions such as burns, surgical wound incisions, minor scratches, piercings, chicken pox or acne.
A keloid looks shiny and is often dome-shaped. It may have a range of colors from pale pink to red. It is tough and thick to the touch and always rises above the surrounding skin.
Keloid scars clinically manifest as follows:
- Formation of abnormal tissue structure and size, bright red;
- Hardening and thickening of fibrous scar tissue;
- Itching and discomfort in the affected portion of the skin.
Keloids Home Remedies
Keloid scars can occur suddenly after certain surgeries or minor skin injuries, or can be developed over time, over a period of several months. Although this condition is not malignant, it must still be treated with herbal remedies or using medical procedures such as cryosurgery or laser surgery.
treatment at home
1) Mix sandalwood powder and a little rose water to form a smooth paste. Apply this fix to the portion of the affected skin and let it cure overnight.
2) Mix sandalwood powder with beans. Apply this fix to the portion of the affected skin and let it cure overnight.
3) Mix 1 tablespoon of clay, 1 teaspoon rose water and 1 teaspoon of lime juice. Massage the affected area with the resulting paste, let it dry, and then apply another layer of this remedy. Leave the paste on for 10 minutes, and then clean the area with cold water diseases.
4) Massage the affected area of skin with lemon or honey.
5) Apply to the affected area apple vinegar. For people with sensitive skin is recommended the apple vinegar cider to be diluted with a little water.
6) Apply to the affected skin portion of garlic or garlic oil. If you experience a burning sensation behind this remedy is better to target to another form of herbal treatment.
7) Apply to the affected skin portion Aloe Vera gel and diluted tea tree oil.
8) Another effective herbal remedy for the treatment of keloid scars are coconut oil, Calendula, comfrey root extract and lavender oil.
The diet for the treatment of keloid scars is intended necessary in order to expedite the healing process. Therefore, they should enter in their diet foods rich in vitamin C and vitamin E. Vitamin C has the ability to increase levels of collagen and connective tissue to enhance function. The main sources of vitamin C are oranges, lemons, limes and sweet lime sites. Massage the affected area with vitamin E oil.
To treat scars can try tincture of Arnica tincture and wolf apple, poplar bud tincture, comfrey tincture combined (equal parts) with bee wax tincture. With these tinctures apply compresses for 1-2 hours daily. It is indicated to use Swedish bitters, as they moisten up to 40 times the scar. The clay masks can do wonders with the scars left by acne.
Keloid scar prevention
Keloid scars are considered benign tumors that can occur anywhere on the body, they are most often a result of injury or surgery. Keloid scars are composed of fibroblast cells responsible for tissue formation.
- You can help the healing process by keeping all wounds clean, which can help. If you know you are prone because of previous experience or due to heredity, then you can avoid additional risks.
- Avoid piercing or tattoos and do not forget to tell your doctor if you are going to do any surgery. There is a high rate of relapse – up to 50%. Some doctors say that all people with many pigmented skin should avoid tattoos and piercings to be safe.
Most often, keloid scars are only unsightly and asymptomatic. But there are cases when appear itching sensations or “tickling” in the scars, which is shaped like a skin growths, like a fluid-filled blisters or a node.
Keloids – how to remove
Although scars cannot be completely removed, their appearance can be improved. Methods for improving the appearance of keloids include:
1) Surgery – Although it will not remove, surgery can be used to change the shape of the keloid or make it less noticeable. Surgery is not recommended in cases of hypertrophic scarring or keloid (protruding scars) because of the risk of recovery and healing is more severe after treatment.
2) Injections of cortisone – safe and not very painful injections of cortisone administered once a month, can significantly flatten keloids, especially in children, of recent date.
3) Surgery plus cortisone injections – some doctors cut keloids and inject healing areas to help prevent their recurrence.
4) Radiation – The radiation in small surface doses is used to prevent recurrence of severe keloid and hypertrophic scars. This treatment is used only in extreme cases because of potential side effects long term.
5) Remodeling the surface with laser – This procedure consists in removing the surface layers of the skin using different types of lasers. New types of lasers can achieve results more subtle working on the collagen in the dermis, without removing the upper layers of the skin. This improvement results in a short rest after surgery or not at all, contrary to traditional laser remodeling that requires a longer recovery.
6) Laser procedure plus cortisone injections – some doctors may reduce keloids using laser and then injects the place.
7) Collagen and fat injections – These treatments can be used to raise sunken scars below the surrounding skin. The effects of these injections are usually only temporary, however, and procedures may need to be repeated regularly.
8) Cryosurgery – freezing keloids with liquid nitrogen can flatten them, although sometimes this method causes skin discoloration. It does not require hospitalization. You can treat multiple lesions simultaneously.
9) Silicone coating foil – for reasons that are not clear, applying a silicone sheet (found in pharmacies without a prescription) every night for months can gradually and safely reduce some keloids. However, pursued with this program routine can be difficult.
10) Compression – compression of keloids with pressure bandages can also help alleviate them.